Category Archives: Testing

Hitachi MAF Sensor Values

Rearranged the Hitachi MAF housing to have the airflow going through in the correct direction and also attached part of the stock airbox to try and better replicate the on vehicle airflow into the sensor.

hitachi_maf_cfm_vs_voltage

The chart above shows the predicted values for CFM, solid blue line, based on converting kg/hr to CFM; assuming 13.076 cubic feet per pound of air.  The dots are measured readings from the flow bench.

The readings are obtained by slowing increasing airflow, noting the CFM displayed on the digital manometer and corresponding voltage on the multi-meter.

As this was the first time making a full range of readings it’s possible the procedure still needs some improvement.  I noted that with no airflow through the MAF the voltage reading was 0.05 volts.  At the other end, I could obtain voltage readings in excess of 5 volts, recording 500 CFM at 5.12 volts.

MAF Sensor on Flowbench

With the help of several people to gather the correct components and guide me in wiring up things properly I’ve been able to add the ability to measure the voltage reported by the MAF sensor when the MAF housing is attached to the flow bench.

Hitachi Maf Sensor on PTS FlowbenchDuring the first check out of the setup, when I finally began getting readings on the multi-meter, I noticed that the voltage reported from the sensor is not very steady, except for when the airflow is zero.  I’ll be thinking about how to minimize the affect of the variation since it appears that the voltage swing is greater than what the bench is reporting as variation in the airflow.

 

SRM RS4 SMIC Piping Effects

Reason:

I was fairly excited about acquiring a set of Silly Rabbit Motorsports RS4 sized side mount intercoolers.  The SMIC’s are a variation on the very popular SRM SMIC’s in use on a number of Audi B5 S4 cars, the difference being that the inlet and outlet pipes are larger than the S4 sized units.  The inlet pipe for the RS4 variant is 2.5″ versus 2″ for the S4 version and the outlet is 2.5″ versus 2.25″ for the S4.

Previously I put the SRM RS4 SMIC’s on the flowbench and found that the larger inlet and outlet piping led to substantial gains in airflow versus the S4 version, putting these intercoolers at the top of the collection of SMIC’s that I have flow tested.

With the SRM RS4 SMIC’s now available to me for additional testing I had a couple of questions I decided to investigate.

Question One:

The first was what the affect the larger outlet pipe might have on the overall airflow.  Because of the location of the outlet pipe it seemed that some of the air exiting the intercooler core would run into the flat plate of the end tank that surrounded the outlet pipe.  By using a larger outlet pipe the flat area would be reduced giving a larger quantity of air a straight shot out the end tank and through the outlet pipe.

To test this idea I found a short length of coupler that would fit tightly into the SRM SMIC outlet pipe, effectively reducing the cross sectional area of the outlet pipe, and presenting a bit more of a flat surface to the airflow at the end of the coupler hose.

srm_2in_couplerBy inserting the silicone coupler into the SRM SMIC outlet pipe the inside diameter, where the air would pass through, was reduced from 2.375″ to 2.0″, a 16% reduction in diameter which creates a 29% reduction in the cross sectional area.

srm_2in_coupler-2

Question Two:

The other question I had was related to the inlet piping coming from the turbocharger and how that would affect the overall airflow.  While the SRM SMIC could flow a lot of air I wondered how much it mattered if the piping coming from the turbo was a great restriction prior to the air reaching the IC.

The solution was to attach some of the inlet piping and take some measurements.  This was done with both the full size outlet pipe as well as the outlet pipe with the silicone restrictor hose in place.

srm_2in_coupler_benchedThe outcome of the testing brought a surprise along with an expected result.

Results:

srm rs4 intercooler resulting with piping

I ran a baseline case with no restrictions and recorded the same flow values as previously, 330 CFM @ 28″ of H2O.  Then the silicone hose was inserted and the test run again obtaining a maximum airflow of 287 CFM, that is a 13% drop in airflow simply by reducing the inside diameter of the outlet pipe by 0.375″.  That was along the lines of what I was expecting, a drop in airflow with the coupler hose inserted, although the drop was slightly greater than I had anticipated recording.

The second investigation was where I was surprised.  Simply by adding the inlet piping to the un-throttled SMIC caused the total airflow to drop by 26%.   From 330 CFM down to 243 CFM.  That to me is a large drop and something I’d want to try and address if able.

Again I inserted the silicone hose and remeasured with the inlet piping still attached.  The airflow was dropped further still, down to 225 CFM, an additional 7% drop from the prior setup.

Conclusions:

Looking at the results with the inlet piping in place makes me wonder how much benefit there is to using the larger RS4 sized piping.  In terms of numbers it’s clear, from a standard S4 sized outlet to the RS4 outlet total airflow climbs by 8%.  Not a huge gain, but decent.  But the SRM S4 sized SMIC does not use the stock 2″ outlet, it uses a 2.25″ outlet pipe.  That’s not a very big difference in area and is likely to only be a slight improvement in airflow numbers.

Considering how a B5 S4 owner must accommodate the RS4 sized inlet and outlet, obtain a special pair of inlet couplers to go from 2″ to 2.5″ and on the outlet side likely needing a coupler to go from a 2.5″ IC outlet to a 2.25″ up-pipe, I don’t know if the minor performance gain is worth the trouble in selecting the RS4 version of the SRM SMIC’s over the S4 version.